Southern Toad (Anaxyrus terrestris)

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Southern Toad (Anaxyrus terrestris)

Diet: Ants, bees, beetles, crickets, roaches, snails, and other invertebrates.

If you look closely at the photo, to the left of the head you can see a dragonfly nymph (might be exuvia). The scientific name use to be Bufo terrestris.


The following photo of the back really shows the prominent crests and oval glands which distinquish it from the invasive Cane Toad.


  1. Loret said:

    Hi again Marlene! The “Bufo Toad” or Cane Toad is a different species (Rhinella marina), native to Central and South America and is invasive in FL. Those range in size from 4 to 6 in. Univ. FL has a good data sheet with photos showing the difference between the two species.

    The southern toad that I show here is considerably smaller, ranging in size from 1.5 to 3 in.

    I’d be honored if you would share my post. Thanks for visiting!

  2. Marlene Semple said:

    So this is probably what we commoners call the “Bufo toad” that is poisonous to our dogs. How big is it? Can I share this post on Facebook? I don’t want to violate your copyright.

  3. Marlene Semple said:

    Loret, what are the oval glands for?

    • Loret said:

      those are parotoid glands and I do know that that is where the secretians come out to deter predators. Some toads have extremely toxic secretions that can harm or poison pets (and I suppose us). Others the toxin is milder and may just cause a mild skin reaction. I’m not sure if that is their only purpose. Thanks for visiting the blog 🙂

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