Southern Toad (Anaxyrus terrestris)

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Southern Toad (Anaxyrus terrestris)

Diet: Ants, bees, beetles, crickets, roaches, snails, and other invertebrates.

If you look closely at the photo, to the left of the head you can see a dragonfly nymph (might be exuvia). The scientific name use to be Bufo terrestris.

Learn: http://ufwildlife.ifas.ufl.edu/frogs/southerntoad.shtml

The following photo of the back really shows the prominent crests and oval glands which distinquish it from the invasive Cane Toad.

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5 comments
  1. Loret said:

    Hi again Marlene! The “Bufo Toad” or Cane Toad is a different species (Rhinella marina), native to Central and South America and is invasive in FL. Those range in size from 4 to 6 in. Univ. FL has a good data sheet with photos showing the difference between the two species. http://ufwildlife.ifas.ufl.edu/frogs/canetoad.shtml

    The southern toad that I show here is considerably smaller, ranging in size from 1.5 to 3 in.

    I’d be honored if you would share my post. Thanks for visiting!

  2. Marlene Semple said:

    So this is probably what we commoners call the “Bufo toad” that is poisonous to our dogs. How big is it? Can I share this post on Facebook? I don’t want to violate your copyright.

  3. Marlene Semple said:

    Loret, what are the oval glands for?

    • Loret said:

      those are parotoid glands and I do know that that is where the secretians come out to deter predators. Some toads have extremely toxic secretions that can harm or poison pets (and I suppose us). Others the toxin is milder and may just cause a mild skin reaction. I’m not sure if that is their only purpose. Thanks for visiting the blog 🙂

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