Archive

Moths

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Bagworm Moth Caterpillar likely Abbot’s Bagworm Moth (Oiketicus abbotii)

bagworms are merely moth caterpillars dress in twigs or other plant materials.

Learn: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/Creatures/MISC/MOTHS/bagworm.htm

Shown on Florida Native Plant: Bidens alba

My take: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2019/03/07/its-in-the-bagin-the-garden/

Take 2: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2015/08/15/barbecued-bagworm-moths/

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CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Pyrausta Moth (Pyrausta phoenicealis)

New to my buggy life list.

Small diurnal moth (flies during the day)

Superfamily Pyraloidea – Pyralid and Crambid Snout Moths
Family Crambidae – Crambid Snout Moths
Subfamily Pyraustinae

Learn: https://bugguide.net/node/view/124956

various larval hosts in the mint family.  Also said to feed on Elephantopus sp. (Source: HOSTS – a Database of the World’s Lepidopteran Hostplants)

Shown on Florida Native Plant: : Spanish Needles (Bidens alba)

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CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Clouded Crimson Moth Caterpillar (Schinia gaurae)

looks like an anorexic Monarch caterpillar.  The adults are spectacularly beautiful.  Check them out in the “My take” article below.

Larval host: SOUTHERN BEEBLOSSOM (Oenothera simulans)

Learn: http://bugguide.net/node/view/26702

Shown on Florida Native Plant: SOUTHERN BEEBLOSSOM (Oenothera simulans) (synonym: Gaura angustifolia), the larval host.

My take: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2017/07/27/just-in-time-for-national-moth-week-2014/

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CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Salt Marsh Moth Caterpillar (Estigmene acrea)

Native hosts include Dogfennel, Pillpod Sandmat and other potentially aggressive species such as the Southern Beeblossom shown in the photo.

Serves as a host for other species such as tachinid flies and Hymenopterans (Bees, Wasps and Sawflies) which parasitized the eggs/larvae.

Larvae feed on a variety of plants including “cash crops”, so not a favorite with farmers.

Coloring can be highly variable: http://mothphotographersgroup.msstate.edu/species.php?hodges=8131

Learn: http://bugguide.net/node/view/3242

Learn more: http://entomology.ifas.ufl.edu/creatures/veg/leaf/saltmarsh_caterpillar.htm

Shown on Florida Native Plant: SOUTHERN BEEBLOSSOM (Oenothera simulans) (synonym: Gaura angustifolia)

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CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Ornate Bella Moth (Utetheisa ornatrix)

a diurnal moth.

Learn: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/beneficial/leps/bella_moth.htm

Larval host: (Crotalaria spp.) which in my yard is the Florida native RABBITBELLS (C. rotundifolia)

Caterpillar: https://centralfloridacritteroftheday.wordpress.com/2014/01/19/ornate-bella-moth-caterpillar-utetheisa-ornatrix/

Shown on Florida Native Plant: OAKLEAF FLEABANE (Erigeron quercifolius)

Another photo when it hopped on over onto   BLACKBERRY (Rubus spp.): https://centralfloridacritteroftheday.files.wordpress.com/2020/04/bellamothblackberrymar2020.jpg

My take: Whats in a day?

https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2017/03/12/whats-in-a-day/

Take 2: Half Hidden Beauty in the Garden

https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2019/05/30/half-hidden-beauty-in-the-garden/

Take 3 is about the caterpillar: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2017/04/29/we-dont-all-eat-leaves-you-know/

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CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY:  Zale Moth (Zale sp. likely lunata)

Superfamily Noctuoidea – Owlet Moths and kin
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Erebinae
Tribe Omopterini
Polyphagous.  larval hosts according to bugguide references:  blackberry, raspberry, salmonberry, rose, willow, and oak. sensitive plant, cherry, chokeberry, plums, hawthorn, wisteria and occasionally forbes.
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CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Green Cutworm Moth (Anicla infecta)

Flying in kitchen after opening the door at night so came light.

New to my buggy life list.

Superfamily Noctuoidea – Owlet Moths and kin
Family Noctuidae – Owlet Moths
Subfamily Noctuinae – Cutworm or Dart Moths
Tribe Noctuini
Subtribe Agrotina

syn. Euagrotis infecta

Learn: https://bugguide.net/node/view/18130

larval hosts:  polyphagous including various grasses, plantain, Portulaca oleracea, Cenchrus tribuloides (sandbur)

Study out of Brazil: BIOLOGY OF Anicla infecta (OCHSENHEIMER, 1816) (LEPIDOPTERA, NOCTUIDAE, NOCTUINAE), UNDER LABORATORY CONDITIONS

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CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Polka-dot Wasp Moth (Syntomeida epilais)

Does not sting. Wasp mimic. Adults pollinate. Flies during the day

Larval hosts: Florida native: DEVIL’S POTATO; RUBBERVINE (Echites umbellatus) (limited to coast of southern Florida); Exotic: Oleander which has expanded it range throughout the U.S.

Learn: http://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/species/Syntomeida-epilais

Learn more: http://beautifulnativeplants.blogspot.com/2016/02/an-exception-to-rules.html

Shown on Florida Native Plant: GROUNDSEL TREE; SEA MYRTLE (Baccharis halimifolia)

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Small Mocis Moth (Mocis latipes)

aka striped grass looper

Superfamily Noctuoidea – Owlet Moths and kin
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Erebinae
Tribe Euclidiini

larval hosts: grasses, including rice and corn; also beans and turnip.

Learn: https://bugguide.net/node/view/47568

Host for wasps “Parasites reared from the pupae were not specific to any single Mocis species; they comprised two Sarcophagids, three Braconids, two Chalcidids and four Ichneumonids. Species found preying on Mocis larvae were a Tenebrionid, Bothrotes fortis Csy., and a Carabid, Pinacodera sp. ” (source: https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/19750531212)

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CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Salt Marsh Moth Caterpillar (Estigmene acrea)

Native hosts include Dogfennel, Pillpod Sandmat and other potentially aggressive species such as the Bidens alba shown in the photo.

Serves as a host for other species such as tachinid flies and Hymenopterans (Bees, Wasps and Sawflies) which parasitized the eggs/larvae.

Larvae feed on a variety of plants including “cash crops”, so not a favorite with farmers.

Coloring can be highly variable: http://mothphotographersgroup.msstate.edu/species.php?hodges=8131

Learn: http://bugguide.net/node/view/3242

Learn more: http://entomology.ifas.ufl.edu/creatures/veg/leaf/saltmarsh_caterpillar.htm

Shown on Florida Native Plant: Bidens alba

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CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY:  Black-dotted Spragueia Moth (Spragueia onagrus)

Tiny little diurnal moth.

Larval hosts as listed in the HOSTS database are: Baccharis halimifolia, Castanea pumila, Zea mays (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/research/projects/hostplants/search/index.dsml)

In my yard that would be the Baccharis Halimifolia aka Groundselbush or Saltbush.

Learn: http://bugguide.net/node/view/7391

shown on a non-native Buttonweed (Spermacoce verticillata)  out by the culvert

Superfamily Noctuoidea – Owlet Moths and kin
Family Noctuidae – Owlet Moths
Subfamily Acontiinae – Bird Dropping Moths
Tribe Acontiini

My take on Moths: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2017/07/26/meet-the-moths-its-national-moth-week-2013/

Take II:  https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2017/03/07/a-dozen-diurnal-moths/

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CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Bagworm Moth Caterpillar/Pupa likely Abbot’s Bagworm Moth (Oiketicus abbotii)

bagworms are merely moth caterpillars dress in twigs or other plant materials.  II think this one is in the pupal stage.

Learn: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/Creatures/MISC/MOTHS/bagworm.htm

Shown on Florida Native Plant: Bidens alba

My take: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2019/03/07/its-in-the-bagin-the-garden/

Take 2: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2015/08/15/barbecued-bagworm-moths/

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CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY:  Tersa Sphinx Moth (Xylophanes tersa)

larval hosts:  Madder Family, Rubiaceae, including Smooth buttonplant (Spermacoce glabra), Borreria, Manettia; and Bignoniaceae: Catalpa. Also noted, in North Carolina, from Virginia Buttonweed (Diodia virginiana) also in the Rubiaceae.  Non-native starclusters (Pentas spp.)

Caterpillar from 2008:

The caterpillars have large eyespots which make them look adorably inquisitive

Transitioning into pupae

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CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Assembly Moth (Samea ecclesialis)

a diurnal moth. Tends to land on the underside of leaves..

Superfamily Pyraloidea – Pyralid and Crambid Snout Moths
Family Crambidae – Crambid Snout Moths
Subfamily Spilomelinae

Learn: https://bugguide.net/node/view/74202

a.k.a. stained glass moth

Larval host: “larvae have been raised on Richardia brasiliensis” commonly known as Tropical Mexican clover which is not native in the State of Florida.

Learn: https://entomology.ifas.ufl.edu/creatures/MISC/MOTHS/stained-glass_moth.htm

Shown on Florida Native Plant:   BLACKBERRY (Rubus spp.)

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CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Io Moth (Automeris io)

This beauty was resting on the kitchen door at night.

Adults do not feed

Larval host: multiple plants, “A variety of plants including hackberry (Celtis), willow (Salix), mesquite (Prosopis), redbud (Cercis), currant (Ribes), blackberry (Rubus), and pear (Pyrus)”

Learn/Range: http://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/species/Automeris-io

Eyespots are HUGE on the underwings.

Learn: entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/misc/io_moth.htm

Caterpillars are of the “stinging” type:  https://centralfloridacritteroftheday.wordpress.com/2014/08/10/io-moth-caterpillars-automeris-io/

Io Moth (Automeris io)

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CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Ornate Bella Moth (Utetheisa ornatrix)

a diurnal moth.

Learn: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/beneficial/leps/bella_moth.htm

Larval host: (Crotalaria spp.) which in my yard is the Florida native RABBITBELLS (C. rotundifolia)

Caterpillar: https://centralfloridacritteroftheday.wordpress.com/2014/01/19/ornate-bella-moth-caterpillar-utetheisa-ornatrix/

Shown on Florida Native Plant: TICKSEED (Coreopsis sp.)

My take: Whats in a day?

https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2017/03/12/whats-in-a-day/

Take 2: Half Hidden Beauty in the Garden

https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2019/05/30/half-hidden-beauty-in-the-garden/

Take 3 is about the caterpillar: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2017/04/29/we-dont-all-eat-leaves-you-know/

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CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Coffee-loving Pyrausta Moth (Pyrausta tyralis)

Small diurnal moth (flies during the day)

Learn: http://bugguide.net/node/view/26387

native larval hosts:

(a) Bidens alba (source:  personal observation)

(b) WILD COFFEE (Psychotria nervosa)
(source: http://www.nhm.ac.uk/our-science/data/hostplants/search/list.dsml?searchPageURL=index.dsml&Familyqtype=starts+with&Family=&PFamilyqtype=starts+with&PFamily=&Genusqtype=starts+with&Genus=Pyrausta&PGenusqtype=starts+with&PGenus=&Speciesqtype=starts+with&Species=tyralis&PSpeciesqtype=starts+with&PSpecies=&Country=&sort=Family)

Caterpillar: https://centralfloridacritteroftheday.wordpress.com/2017/09/18/coffee-moth-caterpillar/

Shown on Florida Native Plant: TICKSEED (Coreopsis sp.)

My take:  https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2017/03/07/a-dozen-diurnal-moths/

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CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Tortricid Moth (Sparganothis distincta)

a type of leaf roller in the Tortricidae Family.  Second species in this genus found on the same plants this week.

Superfamily Tortricoidea – Tortricid Moths
Family Tortricidae – Tortricid Moths
Subfamily Tortricinae
Tribe Sparganothini

larval host Solidago sp. source: Tortricinae LACM Index North America
http://www.tortricidae.com/foodplant_database.pdf

Learn: https://bugguide.net/node/view/170975

Shown on Florida Native Plant:  PINEBARREN GOLDENROD (Solidago fistulosa)

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