Archive

True Bugs

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Scentless Plant Bug (Harmostes serratus)

Order Hemiptera – True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies
Suborder Heteroptera – True Bugs
Infraorder Pentatomomorpha
Superfamily Coreoidea – Leatherbugs
Family Rhopalidae – Scentless Plant Bugs
Subfamily Rhopalinae
Tribe Harmostini

The Rhopalidae Family eats seeds of herbaceous plants, but some are arborea

Learn: http://bugguide.net/node/view/665725

Key:  http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/choate/rhopalidae.pdf

Shown on Florida Native Plant: Bidens alba

###

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Jagged Ambush Bug (Phymata fasciata)

Predatory on other insects. They lie in wait for insects to happen by and then grab them. Although they sometimes grab other beneficials, they aren’t fussy and will do in thrips and other insects that may achieve pest status if left unabated so considered quite beneficial.

Learn: http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/galveston/beneficials/beneficial-10_jagged_ambush_bug_(Phymata_sp.).htm

key: http://entomology.ifas.ufl.edu/choate/phymatidae.pdf

Shown on Florida Native Plant: Bidens alba

photo with prey: https://centralfloridacritteroftheday.wordpress.com/2013/03/18/jagged-ambush-bug-phymata-fasciata/

photo of immature: https://centralfloridacritteroftheday.files.wordpress.com/2013/08/jaggedambushnymphironweedaug2013.jpg

###

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Black Stink Bug (Proxys punctulatus)

“Although the black stink bug is a phytophagous species, it can also be predaceous, and has been found attacking insect larvae in cotton.” ( polyphagous: Feeding on many different kinds of food)

Learn: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/misc/bugs/black_stink_bug.htm

Shown on Florida Native Plant: WILD LIME; LIME PRICKLYASH (Zanthoxylum fagara)

My take: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2019/03/28/it-just-stinksor-does-it/

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Two-lined Spittlebug (Prosapia bicincta)

 

Order Hemiptera – True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies
Suborder Auchenorrhyncha – Free-living Hemipterans
Infraorder Cicadina
Superfamily Cercopoidea – Spittlebugs
Family Cercopidae – Froghoppers

Feeds mainly on turf grass.

County extension services reports that No chemicals or biological agents are currently registered for control of spittlebugs on pasture. So pouring chemicals on your grass in the hopes of getting rid of them is only killing the environment. They are in protective spittle, so the poison never reaches them. There are also no known effective natural enemies of spittlebugs. Burning the thatch is an effective method of control….just like mother nature intended but that is best left to professionals knowledgeable in prescribed burns.

Learn: https://texasinsects.tamu.edu/two-lined-spittlebug/

“chronic spittlebug problems can often be eliminated by reducing thatch”

Shown on Florida Native Plant: PINEBARREN GOLDENROD (Solidago fistulosa)

###

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Shield-backed Bug (possibly Sphyrocoris obliquus)

new to my buggy life list.

Suborder Heteroptera – True Bugs
Infraorder Pentatomomorpha
Superfamily Pentatomoidea
Family Scutelleridae – Shield-backed Bugs
Subfamily Pachycorinae

I chose my i.d. based on the plant.  “Food reported from a great variety of plants(3) but Bidens (Asteraceae) seems to be the preferred host(1)”
Learn:  https://bugguide.net/node/view/240467

could also be Homaemus proteus.  Apparently they are hard to identify without a good ventral photograph.

Shown on Florida Native Plant: : Spanish Needles (Bidens alba)

###

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Anchor Stink Bug (Stiretrus anchorago)

A predatory stink bug. Beneficial. markings and color can be highly variable.

“feeds on the larvae of beetles, butterflies, and moths, incl. many pest spp. (notably Mexican Bean Beetle and Japanese Beetle)” source: Bugguide.net

Learn: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/beneficial/stiretrus_anchorago.htm

Learn more: http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Stiretrus_anchorago/

Shown on Florida Native Plant: PINEBARREN GOLDENROD (Solidago fistulosa)

My take: It Just Stinks… or Does It?

https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2019/03/28/it-just-stinksor-does-it/

###

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Treehopper (Acutalis tartarea) mating pair

New to my buggy life list.

Miniscule. I could not actually tell what I was photographing, just noticed the interesting color.

treehoppers pierce plants to feed on sap. (source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treehopper)

Order Hemiptera – True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies
Suborder Auchenorrhyncha – Free-living Hemipterans
Infraorder Cicadina
Superfamily Membracoidea – Leafhoppers, Treehoppers and Aetalionids
Family Membracidae – Treehoppers
Subfamily Smiliinae
Tribe Acutalini

Synonym Acutalis brunnea  https://bugguide.net/node/view/19540

Learn: https://www.jstor.org/stable/25009212

Rothschild M.J. (2012) A checklist of the Membracidae of Florida

Click to access Membracidae%20FL%20Checklist%20-%20AUG%202012.pdf

Shown on Florida Native Plant: PINEBARREN GOLDENROD (Solidago fistulosa)

###

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Predatory Stink Bug (Perillus strigipes)

New to my buggy life list. This is one of the predatory stinks bugs which feed on other insects so considered beneficial.

Infraorder Pentatomomorpha
Superfamily Pentatomoidea
Family Pentatomidae – Stink Bugs
Subfamily Asopinae – Predatory Stink Bugs

Learn: https://www.gbif.org/species/2079152

Stink bug field guide: https://www.ars.usda.gov/ARSUserFiles/30842/Field Guide to Stink Bugs.pdf

Shown on Florida Native Plant: PINEBARREN GOLDENROD (Solidago fistulosa)

My take: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2019/03/28/it-just-stinksor-does-it/

###

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Sunflower Spittlebug (Clastoptera xanthocephala)

These are smaller than a pencil eraser.  A clue to knowing they are around is the white, foamy “spittle” found on the plant.

Suborder Auchenorrhyncha – Free-living Hemipterans
Superfamily Cercopoidea – Spittlebugs
Family Clastopteridae

Learn: http://bugguide.net/node/view/666226

Research paper on insects found on goldenrod in gainesville FL indicates this species is common, larva and adults, stem, sucking, P = Polyphagous: feed also on families other than Asteraceae. source: http://journals.fcla.edu/flaent/article/view/59040/56719 page 6

Shown on Florida Native Plant: PINEBARREN GOLDENROD (Solidago fistulosa)

photos from 2016: https://centralfloridacritteroftheday.wordpress.com/2016/08/11/sunflower-spittlebug-clastoptera-xanthocephala/

###

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Broad-headed Bug Nymph (Alydidae Family)

Too young to identify to species.

Suborder Heteroptera – True Bugs
Infraorder Pentatomomorpha
Superfamily Coreoidea – Leatherbugs
Family Alydidae – Broad-headed Bugs

One of the leatherbugs which are plant feeders and appear to like unripened fruit.

Learn: https://bugguide.net/node/view/1724273

Key to Florida Alydidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) and selected exotic pest species. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/303722336_Key_to_Florida_Alydidae_Hemiptera_Heteroptera_and_selected_exotic_pest_species [accessed Jun 17 2018].

Shown on Florida Native Plant:   BLACKBERRY (Rubus spp.)

I’ve identified adults of Alydus pilosulus and also Hyalymenus sp. at my place in the past.  They both are members of this family.

###

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Red-spotted Aster Mirid (Polymerus sp. likely basalis)

New to my buggy life list.

Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Cimicomorpha
Superfamily Miroidea
Family Miridae (Plant Bugs)
Subfamily Mirinae
Tribe Mirini

Florida has several species in this genus, but this one seems to be the closest match and is said to feed mostly on asters so fleabane would qualify.

Learn: https://bugguide.net/node/view/245393

Shown on Florida Native Plant: OAKLEAF FLEABANE (Erigeron quercifolius)

###

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Scentless Plant Bug (Harmostes sp. likely reflexulus)

 

New to my buggy life list.

Infraorder Pentatomomorpha
Superfamily Coreoidea – Leatherbugs
Family Rhopalidae – Scentless Plant Bugs
Subfamily Rhopalinae
Tribe Harmostini

“phytophagous insects associated with goldenrods”

Key: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/choate/rhopalidae.pdf

Shown on Florida Native Plant: BLACKROOT (Pterocaulon pycnostachyum)

###

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Leaffooted Bug (Leptoglossus phyllopus)

May be a pest of fruit bearing trees and shrubs but has a place in the circle of life.

eggs feed parasitoids including important pollinators such as chalacid and other parasitic wasps (Gryon spp. and Ooencyrtus sp.)
egg predators include: fire ants and tree crickets.
adult predators include spiders.

Learn: http://sites.duke.edu/dukeinsects/insect-orders/hemiptera/leptoglossus-phyllopus

Mating pair and Learn more: https://centralfloridacritteroftheday.wordpress.com/2016/07/17/leaffooted-bug-leptoglossus-phyllopus-mating/

Shown on Florida Native Plant: ASTER (Symphyotrichum sp.)

###

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Brown Stink Bug  (Euschistus sp.) nymph

Caught this nymph in the act of sucking dry some of the native spurge blossoms. No worries.  In some situations this native plant can be a bit aggressive so from my perspective it is just helping Mother Nature provide balance in the garden…and it is leaving my *cash crops* aka edibles alone.

When it comes to stink bugs, there are pests and beneficials. Spiders will eat either one.

Shown is a variety considered a pest in agriculture.

“Brown stink bugs often feed on the vegetative parts, flowers, stems and foliage of the plant, as well as the seed, nut or fruit, and this makes them important pests of many crops.”

“The eggs and nymphs of stink bugs often suffer high mortality from parasites, predators and pathogens.”

Learn: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/veg/bean/brown_stink_bug.htm

Shown on Florida Native Plant: GRACEFUL SANDMAT (Euphorbia sp. likely hypericifolia)

My take: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2019/03/28/it-just-stinksor-does-it/

###

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Dirt-colored Seed Bug (Neopamera albocincta)

New to my buggy life list.

Even true bugs are pollinators.  In addition seed bugs help control prolific seeding plants such as this fleabane.

Suborder Heteroptera – True Bugs
Infraorder Pentatomomorpha
Superfamily Lygaeoidea
Family Rhyparochromidae – Dirt-colored Seed Bugs
Subfamily Rhyparochrominae
Tribe Myodochini

Learn: https://bugguide.net/node/view/253792

Key and additional info: Slater, J.A. and R.M. Baranowski. 1990. The Lygaeidae of Florida (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae). Arthropods of Florida and Neighboring Land Areas. Vol. 14. Florida Dept. of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, Gainesville. xv + 211 pp.  http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00000094/00001/162 (page 144)

Shown on Florida Native Plant: OAKLEAF FLEABANE (Erigeron quercifolius)

###

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Spined Assassin Bug (Sinea sp. possibly diadema)

Predaceous on pest insects

Learn: https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Sinea_diadema

Key: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25002917

Shown on Florida Native Plant: OAKLEAF FLEABANE (Erigeron quercifolius)

Nymph with prey: https://centralfloridacritteroftheday.wordpress.com/2018/07/16/spined-assassin-bug-sinea-sp-nymph/

My take: Killer in Our Midst: The Assassin Bug
https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2019/04/27/killer-in-our-midstthe-assassin-bug/

Take 2: Hit Men in the Native Plant Garden
https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2016/08/14/hit-men-in-the-native-plant-garden/

sineaAssassinBugOakleafFleabaneApr2019closeup

Spined Assassin Bug (Sinea sp. possibly diadema)

###

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Lace Bug (Corythucha sp. likely marmorata)

New to my buggy life list. Miniscule true bug feeds on leaves.  I’m pretty confident on the species since it has been documented on Goldenrod

Family: Tingidae

hosts: several species of Asteraceae

Corythucha marmorata is commonly called the Chrysanthemum Lace Bug as it has shown to be damaging to that ornamental.

Learn:  https://www.jstor.org/stable/25076987?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Learn more: https://bugguide.net/node/view/51599

Shown on Florida Native Plant: PINEBARREN GOLDENROD (Solidago fistulosa)

key: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/choate/tingidae.pdf

###

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Anchor Stink Bug (Stiretrus anchorago) nymphs

Early Instar

A predatory stink bug. Beneficial. markings and color can be highly variable.

This little guy after scouring the leaves, and stems for aphids and beetle eggs, managed to grab an adult leaf beetle but dropped it since it was a bit larger than him (her?). Definitely good biocontrol

“feeds on the larvae of beetles, butterflies, and moths, incl. many pest spp. (notably Mexican Bean Beetle and Japanese Beetle)” source: Bugguide.net

Learn: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/beneficial/stiretrus_anchorago.htm

Learn more: http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Stiretrus_anchorago/

Shown on Florida Native Plant: PINEBARREN GOLDENROD (Solidago fistulosa)

My take: It Just Stinks… or Does It?

https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2019/03/28/it-just-stinksor-does-it/

Near Adult

Links to photos of adults:

https://centralfloridacritteroftheday.wordpress.com/2016/10/28/anchor-stink-bug-stiretrus-anchorago/

https://centralfloridacritteroftheday.wordpress.com/2017/08/26/anchor-stink-bug/

###

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Jagged Ambush Bug (Phymata fasciata)

Predatory on other insects. They lie in wait for insects to happen by and then grab them. Although they sometimes grab other beneficials, they aren’t fussy and will do in thrips and other insects that may achieve pest status if left unabated so considered quite beneficial.

Learn: http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/galveston/beneficials/beneficial-10_jagged_ambush_bug_(Phymata_sp.).htm

key: http://entomology.ifas.ufl.edu/choate/phymatidae.pdf

Shown on Florida Native Plant: Bidens alba

photo with prey: https://centralfloridacritteroftheday.wordpress.com/2013/03/18/jagged-ambush-bug-phymata-fasciata/

photo of immature: https://centralfloridacritteroftheday.files.wordpress.com/2013/08/jaggedambushnymphironweedaug2013.jpg

###