Archive

True Bugs

CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Brown Stink Bug  (Euschistus sp.) nymph

Caught this nymph in the act of sucking dry some of the native spurge blossoms. No worries.  In some situations this native plant can be a bit aggressive so from my perspective it is just helping Mother Nature provide balance in the garden…and it is leaving my *cash crops* aka edibles alone.

When it comes to stink bugs, there are pests and beneficials. Spiders will eat either one.

Shown is a variety considered a pest in agriculture.

“Brown stink bugs often feed on the vegetative parts, flowers, stems and foliage of the plant, as well as the seed, nut or fruit, and this makes them important pests of many crops.”

“The eggs and nymphs of stink bugs often suffer high mortality from parasites, predators and pathogens.”

Learn: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/veg/bean/brown_stink_bug.htm

Shown on Florida Native Plant: GRACEFUL SANDMAT (Euphorbia sp. likely hypericifolia)

My take: https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2019/03/28/it-just-stinksor-does-it/

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CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Dirt-colored Seed Bug (Neopamera albocincta)

New to my buggy life list.

Even true bugs are pollinators.  In addition seed bugs help control prolific seeding plants such as this fleabane.

Suborder Heteroptera – True Bugs
Infraorder Pentatomomorpha
Superfamily Lygaeoidea
Family Rhyparochromidae – Dirt-colored Seed Bugs
Subfamily Rhyparochrominae
Tribe Myodochini

Learn: https://bugguide.net/node/view/253792

Key and additional info: Slater, J.A. and R.M. Baranowski. 1990. The Lygaeidae of Florida (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae). Arthropods of Florida and Neighboring Land Areas. Vol. 14. Florida Dept. of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, Gainesville. xv + 211 pp.  http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00000094/00001/162 (page 144)

Shown on Florida Native Plant: OAKLEAF FLEABANE (Erigeron quercifolius)

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CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Spined Assassin Bug (Sinea sp. possibly diadema)

Predaceous on pest insects

Learn: https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Sinea_diadema

Key: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25002917

Shown on Florida Native Plant: OAKLEAF FLEABANE (Erigeron quercifolius)

Nymph with prey: https://centralfloridacritteroftheday.wordpress.com/2018/07/16/spined-assassin-bug-sinea-sp-nymph/

My take: Killer in Our Midst: The Assassin Bug
https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2019/04/27/killer-in-our-midstthe-assassin-bug/

Take 2: Hit Men in the Native Plant Garden
https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2016/08/14/hit-men-in-the-native-plant-garden/

sineaAssassinBugOakleafFleabaneApr2019closeup

Spined Assassin Bug (Sinea sp. possibly diadema)

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CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Lace Bug (Corythucha sp. likely marmorata)

New to my buggy life list. Miniscule true bug feeds on leaves.  I’m pretty confident on the species since it has been documented on Goldenrod

Family: Tingidae

hosts: several species of Asteraceae

Corythucha marmorata is commonly called the Chrysanthemum Lace Bug as it has shown to be damaging to that ornamental.

Learn:  https://www.jstor.org/stable/25076987?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Learn more: https://bugguide.net/node/view/51599

Shown on Florida Native Plant: PINEBARREN GOLDENROD (Solidago fistulosa)

key: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/choate/tingidae.pdf

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CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Anchor Stink Bug (Stiretrus anchorago) nymphs

Early Instar

A predatory stink bug. Beneficial. markings and color can be highly variable.

This little guy after scouring the leaves, and stems for aphids and beetle eggs, managed to grab an adult leaf beetle but dropped it since it was a bit larger than him (her?). Definitely good biocontrol

“feeds on the larvae of beetles, butterflies, and moths, incl. many pest spp. (notably Mexican Bean Beetle and Japanese Beetle)” source: Bugguide.net

Learn: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/beneficial/stiretrus_anchorago.htm

Learn more: http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Stiretrus_anchorago/

Shown on Florida Native Plant: PINEBARREN GOLDENROD (Solidago fistulosa)

My take: It Just Stinks… or Does It?

https://floridawildlifegardentails.wordpress.com/2019/03/28/it-just-stinksor-does-it/

Near Adult

Links to photos of adults:

https://centralfloridacritteroftheday.wordpress.com/2016/10/28/anchor-stink-bug-stiretrus-anchorago/

https://centralfloridacritteroftheday.wordpress.com/2017/08/26/anchor-stink-bug/

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CENTRAL FLORIDA CRITTER OF THE DAY: Jagged Ambush Bug (Phymata fasciata)

Predatory on other insects. They lie in wait for insects to happen by and then grab them. Although they sometimes grab other beneficials, they aren’t fussy and will do in thrips and other insects that may achieve pest status if left unabated so considered quite beneficial.

Learn: http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/galveston/beneficials/beneficial-10_jagged_ambush_bug_(Phymata_sp.).htm

key: http://entomology.ifas.ufl.edu/choate/phymatidae.pdf

Shown on Florida Native Plant: Bidens alba

photo with prey: https://centralfloridacritteroftheday.wordpress.com/2013/03/18/jagged-ambush-bug-phymata-fasciata/

photo of immature: https://centralfloridacritteroftheday.files.wordpress.com/2013/08/jaggedambushnymphironweedaug2013.jpg

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